What is the Pension Protection Fund?

PPF - pension-protection-fund-logo

In recent years there have been a series of high-profile business collapses like BHS and construction giant Carillion. More often than not these businesses leave behind pension schemes in deficit.

For those who have been paying into Final Salary pensions, there is concern over the future of the guaranteed benefits they have been accruing. The good news for those within defined benefit pension schemes is that in the case of these pension schemes becoming defunct, their pensions are covered by the Pension Protection Fund.

What exactly is the Pension Protection Fund and what does it do?

The Pension Protection Fund (PPF) was created as part of the Pension’s Act 2004.  It is a statutory fund in the United Kingdom, intended to protect members if their pension fund becomes insolvent. Which means that, if your employer goes bust, your Pension doesn’t completely disappear with them. The fund currently protects 90% of the value of members pensions up to a maximum of £40,020  (members currently receive a maximum payout of £36,018 per year once the 90 percent level is applied). Payouts also rise in line with inflation each year, subject to a cap.

How much is the current compensation cap for PPF members?

If you’ve already reached your scheme’s normal pension age then you’ll continue to receive 100% of your pension without a cap.

From the 1 April 2019, the cap at age 65 has been set at £40,020. Pension Protection Fund members will receive 90% of this. This amount will increase in line with inflation every year (subject to government limits). The majority of scheme members are not affected by this cap.

Can I defer my pension?

Yes, you can defer taking your pension from the PPF up until the age of 75 and your annual cap will be increased for every year that you defer. You can change your mind about deferring at any point and start taking your pension.

The Pension Protection Fund and Early Retirement

Individuals whose Pension is taken over by the Pension Protection Fund (PPF) can still retire early but the amount  you’ll receive will be reduced for each year below your scheme’s normal retirement age. As of April 2017 individuals wanting to retire at 55 can claim a maximum of £28,427.32, whilst if you defer your Pension, the amount you receive is likewise adjusted. See here for full details of the Compensation Cap

If your scheme had a protected retirement age lower than 55, you will retain the right to take early retirement as per your pension scheme rules if your pension scheme becomes part of the PPF.

Can I still take a tax-free lump Sum if my Pension is with the Pension Protection Fund?

Changes to Pension Freedoms in 2015, allowed individuals access to a 25% tax-free lump sum at 55. In most cases, you will still be eligible to access 25% of your pension as a tax-free lump sum even if your Pension is managed by the Pension Protection Fund (PPF). Although please be aware that your payments will be reduced accordingly to reflect this. For full details of how this would affect your Pension Payouts please visit the PPF members site.

Will my Pension amount still rise every year?

The amount your pension will go up by each year before you retire will be in line with inflation (up to government limits). If you’re a deferred member then there are limits to the increase you’re entitled to depending on when you built up your pension fund.

How will my Pension be Paid?

Your pension will be paid by the PPF direct into your bank account.

Will my partner still get a pension when I die?

Most Final Salary Pension Schemes offer a survivor’s pension on death. If your original pension scheme had a provision for a survivor’s pension then your Spouse or Civil Partner will still receive this in line with the PPF rules. If you are not married but live with a ‘common-law’ partner it’s important to check whether they will be entitled to a survivor’s pension – you may need to register them as a beneficiary.

Finding out More

Visit their website to find out more about the Pension Protection Fund.

Members can visit the member website  for more information about their Pension and access to FAQs and more.

Free Pension Advice

If you’re looking for free Pension Advice, you can visit The Pensions Advisory Service for lots of helpful information or visit Pension Wise the government-run website to help you understand your options.

Alternatively, if your Pension is not held by the Pension Protection Fund and you’d like to speak to a Pension Specialist, we offer a free initial 20-minute call to discuss your situation.

Download our Definitive Guide to Final Salary Pension Transfers today for more information about the risks and benefits of transfer.

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